Any scientific work demands a bibliographical revision, be it an article, a work of conclusion of course or projects of Masters and PhD. This is because it has a fundamental importance in the process of theoretical support of an idea, theory or technical concept.
It is, therefore, that provides a scientific development, since it recognizes and synthesizes what has already been published in the academic community and enables the improvement of referenced research, contributing to increase knowledge about the subject studied.
Even with its clear importance, it is not uncommon to find students and professionals with doubts about how to do an impeccable literature review. If this is your case, rest assured! In this post, we separate 7 tips for you to build your text with ease. Check out!
How to do bibliographic review
As in any area of life, organization and planning make work much easier. Having a clear orientation of what needs to be done is imperative for conducting good research. Therefore, investing in planning should be the first step towards building the theoretical framework.
In this way, the ideal is to put together a plan of action containing some practical attitudes for the formulation of a guideline. Initially, ask yourself the number of studies published in the area and if there is already a review of the subject, so you can identify which path to follow.
Then define what the questions to be answered or criticized during your review, based on the general and specific objectives already established. Also, remember to list the most important keywords for better targeting while searching for articles, dissertations, monographs and theses.
Finally, set goals to be met considering the deadline for delivery. This little attitude gives you a broader view of what needs to be done and the time you have available for production.
2. Have a clear objective
In addition to having good planning in place, you need to know where you want to go with the review. Any writing, but especially the academic ones, must follow a line of coherent reasoning that guides the reading of the text, leading the reader to understand the ideas present there.
So search the classic books for the main concepts on the subject chosen to have an overview and list the central points to be investigated. Then, take the time to work out a road map, considering all the elements that need to be explained to get you in the focus of your study. With this, you will be able to find the information you need without much difficulty.
3. Select relevant sources
Another tip for building an amazing bibliographic review is to select relevant sources. This may be the most important moment in the construction of the text, so pay close attention!
Science is very widespread today, which guarantees an enormous amount of information available on the most varied topics. However, however strong it may be in the sense of having more possibilities of writing, it also brings a certain amount of confusion. After all, with so many paths to follow, how to choose the best?
In fact, it’s quite simple: focus on searching for trusted sources in your database. Renowned and internationally renowned authors are instrumental in building a strong and coherent review. This is because they have devoted much of their career to research and evidence on the subject, which ensures more reliability to their writing.
In that sense, try to refine your search by giving priority to articles from international journals and then go to other sources, such as those published nationally, by good editors, the theses and dissertations of known universities, and annals of international and national conferences.
Of course there will be various content available, so you need to be careful not to waste your time on articles that will not be productive. So, try to do a dynamic reading of each archived text, focusing on the titles, abstracts and abstract, and, if necessary, the introduction and conclusion of each one.
This first filter will allow a more critical look at the texts that should be considered, as well as those that can be excluded from the analysis, optimizing their time and refining their bibliographic review with pertinent contents.
4. Organize the works consulted
As you may have already guessed, there is a lot of information currently available. Therefore, invest in tools that facilitate the organization of these jobs and, consequently, their production.
Applications such as JabRef and EndNote can be a watershed when it comes to writing the theoretical framework, as they file reference data directly from the Internet, allowing citations to be inserted, and subject and sub-theme broken, saving you time and do not get lost among PDF’s.
5. Write clearly and objectively
Good writing is a result of much practice and reading, but that does not mean that there are no techniques to be explored to facilitate the process. In this way, avoid writing the author’s ideas separately.
For example, it is not legal to present the idea of one author and then another without making a connection between them. The ideal, then, is to make a seam between the concepts, pointing out the points of agreement and divergence that will serve as a basis for the argumentative support of their analysis.
6. Avoid major mistakes
There are some errors that impoverish the academic text, such as starting the paragraphs already quoting the authors. This practice indicates to the reader that there has not been a very in-depth study on essential works, diminishing the interest of reading.
To facilitate, we separate some points for you to be attentive and avoid in its writing, check:
- – use of few authors to support the arguments;
- – incomplete or misleading references;
- – not to complete the main ideas addressed in the text;
- – very short sections, with repeated ideas and lack of coherence;
- – interpretation and singular adaptation of the concepts of other authors.
7. Have professional support
All scientific production is not done by itself. Having a professional support is essential for building a trustworthy job and contributing, in fact, to the academic community. So do not be afraid to get in touch with teachers and experts in the area to get your questions answered and get new ideas. This not only enriches your text, but also makes you develop quality networking.
Do you see how the production of a bibliographic review is systematic? Remember that you need to make clear and concise planning, delineate a goal, have relevant sources and avoid major mistakes. With these attitudes, surely your text will be impeccable.